These are the pieces of answers i put on a discussion forum. Since i can not put the entire content, only my answers are copied here …
First to start with…The Probability,
The concept of probability was used to describe the path of electron in an atom. First it was proposed that electron follows Newton’s laws of classical mechanics “that a centripetal force created by electromagnetic interaction between electron and proton makes electron to move in a circle”. This theory by Rutherford was quickly discarded as in this motion, the centripetal acceleration towards centre will force electron to loose energy and it will fall to nucleus … collapsing the entire Universe.
However the Universe seems to be not collapsing. So came another theory of quantization by Neil’s Bohr. He said the angular momentum of electron is quantized (Why and How? He didn’t Explained). He just said, if we assume (Look, Scientist assume more than what is required to believe in One God “Ek Omkara”) the angular momentum to be quantized, the electron will follow a near circular/elliptical path. This was a beautiful assumption as this hold electron not to fall in nucleus…. Move on,
Next came Schrodinger. He talked more practical stuff. He thought, no one has seen electron to be moving around, and in the scale of Angstroms, where electrons play around, you cant be sure of the laws of mechanics they follow. There is only a probability of existence of electron near to nucleus!!!
Wow, so the wave equation came in existence. World started seeing the phenomena with a new looking glass.
So actually, the probability function is used to describe the motion of subatomic particle, as percieved by human intelligence. If we were of subatomic particle sclae, definetiliy we would not have to use the wave probability function.
This is one of the limitation posed by Almighty to human beings. Look, we see this universe with seven colors, but in reality colors are not only seven, in fact we are limited to see only seven colors. Also we hear certain audible range, but the world is full of noise, which if God forbid, we are exposed to, our life will be Hell. God knew what we require and we are given enough, thats what Allah says in Quran “You cant escape the limitations we defined”. However being human is a distinct previlege. While others play in boundaries, we innovate, discover and think what is across the Wall.
I came across a blog with the name “Big Bang Not Almighty”. Beautiful. However Religion laso says the universe came into existence after a big Bang. Quran says “Don’t they see that heaven and earth were the one and we separated them apart”, in another para it says “And we have made them to expand”. We all know that the Universe is expanding fast. So in fact religion also says Universe created with a Big Bang. The difference come when Religion says “It is Almighty God Who made the Big Bang”, however atheist people says no no … it happened as a Random statistical event.
Hold a Glass full of Water. Make it to fall freely and let gravity do the job. Now on surface you will see glass particles in a cosmos of water expanding. There came two person. Upon watching the water and glass particle, one said “The Glass broken spontaneously by its own”, another says “No there must be some one who made it to fall”, as the person who dropped the glass is not around, both of them fight infinitely,
Also somewhere String theory came in Picture, Regarding that …
There are two divisions of information presented by the scientific research. One is “Proven Established Scientific Facts”, and other is “Scientific Theories”. Ahead to that is the fantasies and fictions made around, which may or may not be true in future. Religion is for the believers. Every school of thought in almost all religion starts with the concept of Believe, and then it says why should you believe. This is no different than the practice of scientific principles, where we do hypothesis, postulates, derivations and then testify verify, and come to a conclusion. But if we observe religion in today’s context is more about custom social practices, orthodoxy. So the real spirit of knowledge seeking has been hijacked by the gurus and authorities in place. What I see, if we study religion in history, and the signs it deals with, in right perspective this will be good to society.
I have gone through the n-space concepts, however these are the theoretical derivations of the natural successions of thoughts. This is interesting and appealing to people like me and you who love to deal with Physics. This is what comes under the “theories”, not the proven established facts. Romancing around with these theories are sometimes enjoyable!!!
Why God Needed Big Bang?
In fact Quran Says “When Allah need something to happen, says “Kun-Fa-Ya-Koon” meaning be and let it be”. For us it looks like Big Bang, Not for God. For God Big Bang sort of thing do not carry so weight as for us “humans”, like an ant may experiences bangs happening when we move but not for us, we walk freely…
The point here is, … We came to know about Big Bang recently, however God told in his book, approximately 1500 years ago. We came to know about so many things recently which were told to humanity long time ago, Like aquatic origin of life, movement of sun, moon’s reflected light, triploblastic embryo, the big crunch etc. . At that time people kept these verses as incomprehensible. However today, when we go through it, this serve as cementing the believe on a supreme Almighty. Only God can tell humanity which they never knew.
Quran further says “We have made all the objects to rotate around a fixed path”, Religion as in case i studied Islam, do not talk about science, but rather it talks about signs and ask the reader “O Nonbelievers, don’t you observe”, “Why don’t you think”, etc etc.
Why Believe in a book of 1500 Years Old ?
Muslims believe the Quran as the word of God, Christians believe bible to be, however Jews believe the old testament to be the word of God. Hinduism however is of different opinion about God and believe. There are Vedas which are supposed to be of highest authenticity followed by shrutis, smritis, Upnishads, Puranas, epics (Ramayana, Mahabharata). There is a long history which i do not want to elaborate as in comment.
Regarding believing in the oldest scriptures. This looks pretty orthodox in nature if someone start believing in a book of 1500 years old. But here is the reason…
I started arguing myself as a starter when i first opened the book. Since i have a science and Technology background, my looking glass was to keep the verses stand on the test of established scientific facts. I read the whole book and i knew all the signs it deals with is completely scientific and there are approximately 30% ok knowledge which i am still not able to digest…
However 70% of the knowledge it presented is in well synchronization with the scientific discoveries so far. What i assume if the 70% which i understood is completely right, there is more chance of the rest 30% gray area to be right, if we advance more and do researches.
Quran claims “to be the last and final reveletion from God for the Human guidance”, i am not forcing people to subscribe Quranic statement. However if such a book exist on the face of earth, one should read at least to pick the errors (critics mode, if you can find the scientific contradictions), or to see why it says so …
The Theory of Evolution …
Theory of evolution is a theory not a proven established fact. Charles Darwin said “The only reason i believe in such a theory of evolution is because it helps me in classifying the Living world”. Darwin did a great work followed by Carrollus Lineaus in developing a formal methodolgy to classify Living organism into Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus and Species.
For the purpose of taxonomy and structured science of classifying the living organism, such a theory was proposed. The time when this theory came was a time of Church dominance. Anything which goes against the Church teaching was natural to gain popularity as so was the case with this theory.
Quran deals with the theory of origin when it says “We have created every thing from water”, it also says “This is Allah who gives life to dead and dead to life” signifying the Protoplasmic formation. We know the things we get as food contains non-living organic and Inorganic substance. When processed in digestion and ATPs generation it becomes part of Protoplasm which is “the physical basis of live”, thereby our body each day converts many nonliving substance to living substrate.
Regarding human origin Quran says the same as prophesied by the earlier prophets about Prophet Adam being the first human and Prophet. Evolving from Monkeys and the stories we know is also a matter of believe only. This believe has came from fantasies build over the theories. Quran do not believe in the theory of evolution as Human beings as a part of evolving monkey chains. And for the information the theory is discarded by the scientific community as on date.
The proof we talk about is that we get different species and says this species descended from this one and so on. By making such theory it becomes easy to classify a set and making a chain. This is highly unlikely that snakes once had legs and they lost in the course of getting in and out of holes, or the monkeys over the time developed into super beings called humans.
“What will you do once evolution theory becomes established fact? Of course you will find it in Koran. Not only you but every religion will find reference to evolution in their holy books. Perhaps that’s how religion has survived so far.”
Theory of evolution as studied as a linking of species about there morphological and anatomical behavior is what is termed as taxonomy in biological sciences. Taxonomy is the only branch of lifescience which deals with the Natural classification system of living world. This is heavily based on Darwin’s research. This branch of life science is no where rejected. However taking evolution as process and linking human origin with the monkeys is what i take exception of, as Almighty says in Quran about humans as a created entity and made it to human form which never went any so called evolution change.
If some point of time someone proves and it becomes established facts, this will remain an exception. There are many established facts which are not in Quran. And there are many signs in Quran which are not established by science.
Religion has not survived since it wins over science and vice versa. Religion talks about signs, and science is a structured way of exploring nature. Both goes hand in hand. As a believer i believe in one Almighty and Almighty God is the only reason for survival of religion.
I know enlightened people with logic doses from fantasies and hollywood flics will laugh at some of my statement, however these statements are totally my personal point of view…